KM EPP Classifications By Doug Kelley, CH, CSL, CPFI, and Jari Mikkola, MCS, BA, CLPI • December 2007 Electronic Photographic Phenomena Classification of All photographic media, which includes digital and film imaging, photographs and video, that has potential evidence of anomalies can be extremely difficult to prove as empirical evidence that is paranormal in nature. These classification were developed to simplify the potential value of the evidence. Including such information as:    The Exif info is intact for all digital photos. Several before and after photos are available (or the entire negative strip if a film camera).• Ample before and after video footage is available of the area in which the anomaly occurred. CLASS 1 – PARANORMALLY SIGNIFICANT All natural explanations have been strenuously examined and ruled out, what which remains may indicate and dictate – but does not necessarily prove – a paranormal event has occurred.  Such as:    Apparition – The photograph/video irrefutably contains an apparition; full or partial, solid or transparent, human or animal. Video Anomalies that include: o Movement of an object of its own volition. o A video anomaly that shows a decidedly intelligent flight path, i.e., one that moves, stops/hovers, then moves again and/or changes direction. •Other Anomalies: o The photograph/video contains another type of anomaly that cannot be explained as a natural occurrence. CLASS 2 – PARANORMALLY COMPELLING A natural explanation is unlikely, yet cannot entirely be ruled out. What remains could possibly – but in not – necessarily mean that the event is paranormal in nature. Examples may include:    Ectoplasm/Mist – An amorphous cloud that appears in a photograph as diffuse (widely spread, scattered, or dispersed), clear or blurred, light or dark, etc. A second photo taken within two minutes must show no mist. Vortex – An anomaly that appears as a rapidly rotated movement of energy or matter with what appears to be a beginning and end point in the photograph. Often – but not always – what appears to be an orb moving very rapidly in the photograph with a very short shutter speed. Other Anomalies – The photograph/video contains another type of anomaly that cannot be conclusively ruled out as a natural occurrence. CLASS 3 – NULL (False Positive) This classification means that the photo/video anomaly – while appearing to be paranormal in nature – can be explained as a natural occurrence or the weight of evidence points to a natural occurrence. Examples of a false-positive include:    Orbs – For all intents and purposes, orbs are NOT paranormal in nature and can often be easily explained to be caused by a contamination such as dust, moisture, pollen, and airborne contaminants. Light Streaks/Light Snakes/Energy Rods – This phenomena can almost always be explained as a camera use issue. Lens Flares and Rays – Lens flare happens when a light source in front of the camera affects the film or digital sensors of the equipment, but is not within the field of view. © 2007 by Doug Kelley & Jari Mikkola. All Rights Reserved. The content of this website is the copyright of World Nexus Publications © 2008-2011